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Prevalence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in the History of Parents of Children with the Same Disorder

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Author(s): K. Sadri | E. Shirazi | Sh. Nohesara

Journal: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology
ISSN 1735-4315

Volume: 12;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 55;
Date: 2006;
Original page

Keywords: Key words: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) | parents | hereditary Factors

ABSTRACT
 Introduction: To determine the prevalence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)�in the psychiatric history of parents of ADHD children. Method: With the aid of convenience sampling, parents of 150 children (31 girls and 119 boys)�with ADHD who were referred to the children and adolescent psychiatric clinics of Iran Univer-sity of Medical Sciences in the years 2002 and 2003 were assessed.  Diagnosis for children was made by clinical judgment and DSM-IV criteria checklist. The history of this disorder in the parents was assessed by DSM-IV criteria checklist and clinical psychiatric interviews. Data were ana-lyzed using descriptive analytical methods. Results: A positive childhood history of ADHD symptoms was found in 76% of the parents. In 20% of cases both parents, and in 56% one parent had a positive history. The prevalence of fa- thers with a positive history (56%) was higher than mothers (40%).Conclusion: Hereditary factors may be involved in the etiology of ADHD.

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