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Prevalence and component analysis of metabolic syndrome: An Indian atherosclerosis research study perspective

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Author(s): Saikat Kanjilal | Jayashree Shanker | Veena S Rao | Natesha B Khadrinarasimhaih | Manjari Mukherjee | et al

Journal: Vascular Health and Risk Management
ISSN 1176-6344

Volume: 2008;
Issue: Issue 1;
Start page: 189;
Date: 2008;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Saikat Kanjilal3, Jayashree Shanker1, Veena S Rao2, Natesha B Khadrinarasimhaih2, Manjari Mukherjee4, Shamanna S Iyengar3, Vijay V Kakkar1,51Mary and Garry Weston Functional Genomics Unit, Thrombosis Research Institute, Bangalore, India; 2Tata Proteomics and Coagulation Unit, Thrombosis Research Institute, Bangalore, India; 3Division of Cardiology, St. Johns Medical College and Hospital, Bangalore, India; 4University Department of Chemical Technology, Mumbai, India; 5Thrombosis Research Institute, Chelsea, London, UKAbstract: Asian Indians have a high predisposition to metabolic syndrome (MS) and coronary artery disease (CAD). The present study aimed to estimate MS prevalence in 531 Asian Indian families comprising of 2318 individuals. Anthropometrics and lipid profile were assessed. MS prevalence was estimated using standard Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP-III) and World Health Organisation (WHO) criteria and modified definitions which included lowered cut-offs for waist circumference (WC) (≥90 cm for men and ≥80 cm for women], body mass index (BMI) (≥23 kg/m2) and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) levels. ATP-III criteria identified a significantly higher proportion of people with MS (N = 933; 40.3%) compared with WHO (N = 708; 30.6%; p

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