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Prevalence of obesity and abdominal obesity in a sample of users of an Integrated Medicine Ambulatory Prevalência de Obesidade e Obesidade Abdominal em amostra de usuários de um ambulatório de Medicina Integral

Author(s): Rosimere J. Teixeira | Charles R. M. Day | Cristiane C. Cabral | Vivian S. Lima | Gustavo Vaitsman | Ronaldo M. Louzada Junior | Christiano Buarque | Maria Inez Padula Anderson

Journal: Revista Brasileira de Medicina de Família e Comunidade
ISSN 1809-5909

Volume: 3;
Issue: 9;
Start page: 45;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Epidemiologia | Obesidade | Medicina de Família

Obesity is a progressively prevalent clinical condition increasingly associated with mortality and morbidity from cardiovascular diseases. Visceral fat accumulation worsens such risk and for that reason measuring the waist circumference as a way for evidencing Abdominal Obesity is considered as necessary and important as calculating the Body Mass Index (BMI). The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of obesity and abdominal obesity and associate them with cardiovascular risk factors. A sample of patients, users of an Integrated Medicine Ambulatory, was analyzed as to age, sex, BMI, waist circumference and clinical conditions such as arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus type 2, metabolic syndrome (MS), tobacco use and sedentary lifestyle. Patients who already had their waist circumference measured or BMI calculated were selected from the sample, so that 119 patients actually entered the study. Their age mean was 50±13,4 years, 89% were females. The prevalence of obesity and abdominal obesity was 44% and 66% respectively. Both obesity and abdominal obesity were associated with MS (p=0,01, OR=3,42; p=0,0005, OR=7,55) and with each other (p
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