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Prevalence of Obesity in Adolescents with History of Pregnancy and Associated Factors in Korea

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Author(s): Seong-Ik Baek | Wi-Young So

Journal: Iranian Journal of Public Health
ISSN 2251-6085

Volume: 40;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 27;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Youth Risk Behavior | Obesity | Pregnancy | Adolescent | Korea

ABSTRACT
Background: The pregnancy was a risk factor for excessive weight gain for women. However, there is no information about the prevalence of obesity and its relationship with a history of pregnancy in girls. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate differences in the prevalence of obesity in adolescent females with a history of pregnancy and fac­tors associated with it, in Korea.Methods: In 2009, 69 of 34,247 female students revealed that they had experienced pregnancy in response to the 5th Ko­rea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBWS-V) project by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Pre­vention (KCDCP). The body mass index (BMI) and experienced pregnancy categories of the KYRBWS-V were as­sessed, and, for data analysis, the independent t-test, chi-square test, and multivariate logistic regression were used.Results: The risk of pregnancy was increased by approximately 47% per unit increase in age, and 331% per unit in­crease in depression, respectively. Conversely, the risk decreased by 19% per unit increase in BMI and 33% per unit in­crease (ranged from 1: very rich to 5: very poor) in the family economic state.Conclusion: Obesity in adolescent females is minimally affected by a history of pregnancy, if at all, despite the fact that pregnancy was a risk factor for excessive weight gain in women. However, adolescent females with a history of preg­nancy have higher levels of depression than do normal peers in Korea.
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