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The prevalence of urinary catheter related infections in federal medical centre Abeokuta Nigeria

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Author(s): S. Abaeze | J.S. Abasiama

Journal: International Journal of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences
ISSN 0976-5263

Volume: 02;
Issue: 03;
Start page: 81;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Urinary Catheter | antimicrobial susceptibility studies | E. Coli | Klebsiella pneumonia | Pseudomonas aeruginsa

ABSTRACT
Catheter associated urinary tract infection is an infection from using catheter that drain urine from the body, the presence of a catheter within the urinary tract increase the likely hood of urinary tract infection and also increase the difficulty of treating the infection. Two hundred patient samples collected from female and male medical wards, Amenity, Obstetrics and Gynecology, children ward and emergency were cultured and isolate organisms were characterized and subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility study. Out of 200 samples examine, 82(41.10%) yielded growth of bacteria while 118 (59.00%) were negative. The urine of the 82 positive cases yielded E. Coli 29(35.40%), Klebsiella pneumoniae 17(20.9%) Pseudomonas aeruginsa 10(15.5%), S. aureus 13(12.1%), Proteus mirabilis (9.75%) and C. albican 5(6.0%). The age group that was most affected was 26-35 years (32.0%), followed by 36-45 years (20.70%), 46-55(9.80%), 66-75(8.50%) and 86-95(8.50%) while age group 56-65(7.31%) and 76-85(7.31%) had least. The antibiotic susceptibility testing revealed high sensitivity of E. Coli to Augmentin (41.4%), Klebsiella pneumonia, Ofloxacin (52.90%), and Proteus mirabilis (30.00%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Ofloxacin (21.42%) and S. aureus both Ofloxacin and Gentamycin (30.76).

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