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Prevelance and demographic profile of HIV positive cases at Chalmeda Anand Rao Institute of Medical Sciences in Karimnagar District, Andhra Pradesh (INDIA)

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Author(s): P.Rajarao | T.V.Nagaraja

Journal: International Journal of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences
ISSN 0976-5263

Volume: 04;
Issue: 01;
Start page: 01;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: HIV / AIDS Pandemic | Karimnagar District | Demography

ABSTRACT
Aims: The aim of the present study was to find out the prevalence and demographic profile of HIV positive cases detected in Chalmeda Anand Rao Institute of Medical Sciences. On the verge of 4th decade of AIDS epidemic and panedemic, the world has turned the corner. It has halted and begun to reverse the spread of HIV. Methods: It was a retrospective study carried out between April 2007 to March 2012. A total of 12495 patients were screened for HIV and 745 cases were found HIV positive. The screening for HIV was done by three tests as follows: 1. HIV Tridot Test, 2. Naked Eye visible Agglutination (NEVA) Test, 3. Comb AIDS Test and finally seropositivity was confirmed by Western Blot Test.Results: Out of 12495 patients screened for HIV, 745 cases were found HIV positive. After studying the demographic profile of HIV positive patients it was found the prevalence of HIV is decreasing.Conclusion: From the result of this study it can be concluded that the decrease in prevalence is due to awareness programmes by Governament and NGO'S, preventive measures, treatment care and support in the population which should be further intensified to stop HIV Pandemic.
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