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Primary hyperparathyroidism in north India : A description of 52 cases.

Author(s): Bhansali Anil | Masoodi Shariq | Somashekara Reddy K | Behera Arunanshu | Radotra Bishan | Mittal Bhagwant | Katariya Rabinder | Dash Radharaman

Journal: Annals of Saudi Medicine
ISSN 0256-4947

Volume: 25;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 29;
Date: 2005;
Original page

BACKGROUND : Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) has a variable clinical expression. Symptomatic PHPT is still the predominant form of the disease in many parts of the world, especially developing countries. Because the clinical profile of the disease has changed from that described in the past, we sought to improve our understanding of the disease in patients in north India. METHODS : We summarized the clinical presentation, biochemical and radiological features, and operative findings from the case records from the last 13 years of 52 patients at a tertiary care centre in north India who had documented PHPT. RESULTS : The male: female ratio was 1: 3.3 with ages ranging from 6 to 60 years (mean±SD, 36.38±12.73). Bone disease (46%), recurrent renal stones (21%) and body aches and pains (21%) were the most common modes of presentation. The lag time varied ranged from 1 month to 16 years. Common clinical manifestations included bone pain (67%), weakness/fatigue (56%), fracture of the long bones (48%), abdominal pain (39%), polyuria (37%) and psychiatric manifestations (23.1%). Hypertension was observed in 42% and a palpable nodule in the neck in 19%. Biochemical features included hypercalcemia (86.5%), hypophosphatemia (65.4%) and hyperphosphatasia (67.3%). Mean intact PTH (±SD) was 809.0±696.3 ng/L with levels significantly lower in patients who had only kidney stone disease as compared with those with bone disease ( P =0.017). A single parathyroid adenoma was localized in 50 (98%) patients. Hungry bone disease was seen in 59% patients. CONCLUSION : PHPT in India continues to be a symptomatic disorder with skeletal and renal manifestations at a much younger age.

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