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Prise en charge clinique en physiothérapie oncologique: promotion d’une décision partagée dans le contexte des soins palliatifs

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Author(s): Grégoire, Stéphanie | Maltais, Claudia | Laliberté, Maude

Journal: BioéthiqueOnline
ISSN 1923-2799

Volume: 2;
Start page: 6;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Principlism | oncology | bone metastases | physiotherapy | palliative care | code of ethics

ABSTRACT
Many physiotherapists are reluctant to treat a client with bone metastases, as treatment indications are not clearly defined. The paradigmatic case presented here, and a review of the literature, allow us to highlight some ethical and clinical issues in physiotherapy care at the end of life, particularly for patients with bone metastases. The objective of this article is not to create an ethical decision making model but rather to serve as additional guidance to existing decision models in rehabilitation. This guidance is based on principlism and is specific to the oncology clients in palliative care. The proposed principles, without being exhaustive, are beneficence, non-maleficence, respect for autonomy and justice. With a review of clinical indications and precautions, the article also helps to clarify both the theoretical and the evidence-based risks. These principles provide avenues for reflection to guide the management of these patients. The physiotherapist will then be able to conduct a critical analysis, in collaboration with the interdisciplinary team, whose goal is to respect the client’s right to appropriate care at the right time and that is based on clinical need.
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