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Problem-solving mental flexibility in individuals who were convicted for murder / Flexibilidade mental na resolução de problemas em indivíduos que cumprem pena por homicídio qualificado

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Author(s): Viviane Del Pino | Blanca Susana Guevara Werlang

Journal: Psicologia : Reflexão e Crítica
ISSN 0102-7972

Volume: 21;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 142;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: Qualified murder | problem-solving flexibility | Wisconsin Card Sorting Test | Stroop Color and Word Test

ABSTRACT
This study aimed at assessing problem-solving mental flexibility in individuals who were convicted for qualified murder, and confined in a medium-security prison within the Metropolitan Area of Porto Alegre, Brazil. The quantitative cross-research study had a convenience sample (n=60) including 30 homicides, paired by gender, age, schooling and social class to 30 individuals who had no criminal records. Assessment instruments used were Wisconsin Card Sorting Test; Stroop Color and Word Test, WAIS-III Block Design, Digit-Symbol Coding and Vocabulary subtests, a Mini-International Psychiatric Interview and a socio-demographic datasheet. In the WCST categories and in the Stroop Test, the group of homicides showed lower scores than the control group with a statistically significant difference (p

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