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PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT THROUGH QUANTITATIVE EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS USING LCA – A CASE STUDY

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Author(s): Ms. SUMAN SHARMA, | Dr. SMITA MANEPATIL, | Mr. SATYENDRA SHARMA

Journal: International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology
ISSN 0975-5462

Volume: 3;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 2271;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Product development | Eco Design | Design for Environment (DFE) | Life Cycle Assessments | Environmental Impact | Life Cycle Inventory | Bicycle.

ABSTRACT
Significant environmental improvement can be achieved by nvestigation of environmental aspects as an optimization parameter in product development. Environmental oriented product design has already had a significant amount of attention in literature, in the form of Eco Design, DFE, and sustainable Design etc. The quantitative evaluation is required to learn about environmental impacts at various stages of the life of the product. LCA (Life Cycle ssessment) can be used in any phase of product development, but the major potential exists in the analysis phase or the conceptual evelopment phase. LCA is used for effective quantitative evaluations of individual products in terms of their environmental issues and theeffectiveness of improvements. The Objective of this work is to develop the design of a product through the investigation of environmental aspects through quantitative evaluation of their impacts. The methods EDIP (Environmental Design of Industrial Products), FRED- ISO14040 and Eco Indicator 99 have been used as Life Cycle Assessment methods and comparative studies have been presented in this work. Three main stages of life cycle of product had selected for this investigation. The two important parts, namely mudguards and chain cover of a bicycle have been selected for case studies and material selection have been suggested based on the comparative statement of LCA methods. The results can support the designers to develop the products with improved environmental properties.
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