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Profile-Based Focused Crawling for Social Media-Sharing Websites

Author(s): Zhang Zhiyong | Nasraoui Olfa

Journal: EURASIP Journal on Image and Video Processing
ISSN 1687-5176

Volume: 2009;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 856037;
Date: 2009;
Original page

We present a novel profile-based focused crawling system for dealing with the increasingly popular social media-sharing websites. In this system, we treat the user profiles as ranking criteria for guiding the crawling process. Furthermore, we divide a user's profile into two parts, an internal part, which comes from the user's own contribution, and an external part, which comes from the user's social contacts. In order to expand the crawling topic, a cotagging topic-discovery scheme was adopted for social media-sharing websites. In order to efficiently and effectively extract data for the focused crawling, a path string-based page classification method is first developed for identifying list pages, detail pages, and profile pages. The identification of the correct type of page is essential for our crawling, since we want to distinguish between list, profile, and detail pages in order to extract the correct information from each type of page, and subsequently estimate a reasonable ranking for each link that is encountered while crawling. Our experiments prove the robustness of our profile-based focused crawler, as well as a significant improvement in harvest ratio, compared to breadth-first and online page importance computation (OPIC) crawlers, when crawling the Flickr website for two different topics.
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