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Prognostic factors and outcome of therapy in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Author(s): Philips G | Crowell E | Mani A

Journal: Indian Journal of Cancer
ISSN 0019-509X

Volume: 28;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 148;
Date: 1991;

Keywords: Adolescent | Adult | Age Factors | Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols | therapeutic use | Child | Doxorubicin | administration & dosage | Female | Human

We conducted a ten-year review of our patients of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Most patients received vincristine and prednisone for induction. Twenty-four patients additionally received doxorubicin. Serious pretreatment morbidity included intracerebral haemorrhage (8 patients), septicaemia (22 patients), pneumonia (8 patients) and CNS leukemia (3 patients). Our complete remission (CR) rate was 41%, predicted median duration of remission was 20.8 months and predicted median duration of overall survival was 10.4 months. Significantly higher CR rates were observed for lower age, female sex and lesser degrees of haemorrhage and infection. High initial WBC count was the only adverse prognostic factor for remission duration. Survival was significantly inferior for nonresponders, age greater than 20 years, and severe haemorrhage and infection. Remission attainment remains the chief obstacle to enhancing overall survival in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia. However responders often experience years of good quality life.
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