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Prophylactic antibiotic for prevention of posttraumatic meningitis after traumatic pneumocephalus: design and rationale of a placebo-controlled randomized multicenter trial [ISRCTN71132784]

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Author(s): Eftekhar Behzad | Ghodsi Mohammad | Hadadi Azar | Taghipoor Mousa | Sigarchi Samira | Rahimi-Movaghar Vafa | Kazemzadeh Ehsan | Esmaeeli Babak | Nejat Farideh | Yalda Alireza | Ketabchi Ebrahim

Journal: Trials
ISSN 1745-6215

Volume: 7;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 2;
Date: 2006;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of prophylactic antibiotic for prevention of meningitis in acute traumatic pneumocephalus patients. Methods In this prospective, randomized controlled clinical trial, 200 selected head injury patients with traumatic pneumocephalus are randomly assigned to receive intravenous antibiotics (2 grams Ceftriaxone twice a day), oral antibiotics (Azithromycin) or placebo for at least 7 days after trauma. The patients will be followed for one month posttrauma. Conclusion The authors hope that this study helps clarifying the effectiveness and indications of antibiotics in prevention of meningitis in traumatic pneumocephalus after head injury and in specific subgroup of these patients.
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