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Protected area surface extension in Madagascar: Do endemism and threatened species remain useful criteria for site selection ?

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Author(s): Jeanneney Rabearivony | Russell Thorstrom | Lily-Arison Rene de Roland | Marius Rakotondratsima | Tolojanahary R. A. Andriamalala | The Seing Sam | Gilbert Razafimanjato | Daniel Rakotondravony | Achille P. Raselimanana | Michel Rakotoson

Journal: Madagascar Conservation & Development
ISSN 1662-2510

Volume: 5;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 35;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: SAPM | flagship species | Bemanevika | Mandrozo | Manambolomaty

ABSTRACT
The ‘hotspot approach’ considers that endemism and threatened species are key factors in protected area designation. Three wetland and forest sites have been proposed to be included into Madagascar’s system of protected areas (SAPM – Système des Aires Protégées de Madagascar). These sites are Manambolomaty (14,701 ha) and Mandrozo (15,145 ha) in the west and Bemanevika (37,041 ha) in the north. Biodiversity inventories of these three sites recorded 243 endemic species comprised of 44 reptiles, 54 amphibians, 104 birds, 23 smallmammals, 17 lemurs and one fish. Of these 243 species, 30 are threatened taxa comprising two Critically Endangered (CR), 11 Endangered (EN) and 17 Vulnerable (VU) species. The long term ecological viability of these sites has been shown by population stability of the two Critically Endangered flagship species, the Madagascar fish eagle (Haliaeetus vociferoides) in Manambolomaty and Mandrozo and the recently rediscovered Madagascar pochard (Aythya innotata) in Bemanevika. Other threatened species and high biological diversity also justifies their inclusion into Madagascar’s SAPM.

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