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PROTECTED AREAS IN REGIONS OF INTENSIVE ECONOMICAL ACTIVITY: CONFLICT OF NATURE PROTECTION AND NATURE USE (CASE STUDY OF DOVINĖ RIVER CATCHMENT)

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Author(s): RITA LINKEVICIEN | JULIUS TAMINSKAS | RASA ŠIMANAUSKIEN

Journal: Acta Geographica Debrecina. Landscape and Environment Series
ISSN 1789-4921

Volume: 1;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 43;
Date: 2007;
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Keywords: Žuvintas Lake | anthropogenic influence | hydrographical network transformations | water quality

ABSTRACT
Nature protection and economical activity clash of interests is analysed on the example of Dovin River catchment, situated in the south western part of Lithuania. It is a unique wetland complex consisting from Žuvintas Lake and the surrounding bogs (Fig. 1). Žuvintas Lake became the first protected area in Lithuania in 1937. However, the lake is situated in one of the most fertile region ofLithuania, where the methods of intensive farming activity is being employed for a long time. Eutrophication processes and overgrowth of this shallow lake has been very active during the several decadesand the lake has lost its ecological value. Therefore the main goal of this article is to analyse the anthropogenic influence towards the water bodies and protected natural values situated in the territoryof intensive economical activity. Cartographical material of different periods is being used for the evaluation of the hydrographical network transformations in Dovin River catchment. Hydrochemical parameters of the periods 1953–1954, 1960–1961, 1980–1982; 1993–2003; 2004–2005 of the water bodies in Dovin River catchment are being analysed. The field works in order to investigate the water quality in Dovin River and it‘s tributaries were made in spring of 2005. Water samples wereanalysed in laboratory of the Institute of Geology and Geography according water quality analysis methods approved by Lithuanian Ministry of Environment (Table 2). Water quality was evaluatedaccording maximum residue limits (MRL) in surface waters (Table 3). The results of the study showed that although Žuvintas Lake is being protected for 70 years, the farming activity intensified constantly in its catchment. Canalised river beds and sluice–regulated hydrological regime of the lakes diminished the natural self–cleaning abilities of the water system. The average annual decrease of the lake specular surface was about 1,1 ha in the period of 1961–2003. The average annual increase of vegetation area is about 0,14 ha. Even a strong protection regime did not preserve this territory. Therefore, in order to keep the sustainable development in the protected territories the anthropogenic loading from the neighbouring territories (catchment area, etc) must be evaluated. The objectives of nature protection in protected territory could not be attained if there is no regulation of economical activity in the territories surrounding the protected area.
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