Academic Journals Database
Disseminating quality controlled scientific knowledge

Protective Effect of Vitamin A on Methotrexate Induced Micronuclei

Author(s): Sampath Madhyastha | K. Laxminarayana Bairy | S.N. Somayaji

Journal: Iranian Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutics
ISSN 1735-2657

Volume: 6;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2007;
Original page

Keywords: Methotrexate | Micronuclei and Vitamin A

Methotrexate is an antineopalstic agent widely used in low dose to treat patients with rheumatoid arthritis. It is known to induce micronuclei at multiple doses in rats. The present study investigates the effect of vitamin A on methotrexate-induced micronuclei in rat bone marrow erythrocytes. Male wistar rats were (n=5) injected with 0, 8, 16 and20mg/kg methotrexate (single i.p dose). A group of rats received 5000 IU of vitamin A (i.p) for 4 successive days. Another group of rats received a combination of vitamin A (5000 IU of vitamin A for 4 successive days) and single dose of methotrexate (20 mg/kg dose). Samples were collected at 24 hours after last methotrexate exposure in to 5% bovine albumin. Smears were obtained and stained with May-Grunwald and Giemsa. Thousand polychromatic erythrocytes were counted per animal for the presence of micronuclei and PCE% was also calculated. The percentage of micronuclei increased with increase in the dose of methotrexate (percentage of PCE decreased with increase in the dose of methotrexate). Combination of methotrexate and vitamin A therapy showed a significant decrease in micronuclei percentage and an increase in PCE% compared to rats treated with methotrexate alone. Hence this study claims that vitamin A protect the from methotrexate induced genetic damage.
Affiliate Program     

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona