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Protein Coding Sequence Identification by Simultaneously Characterizing the Periodic and Random Features of DNA Sequences

Author(s): Gao Jianbo | Qi Yan | Cao Yinhe | Tung Wen-wen

Journal: Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
ISSN 1110-7243

Volume: 2005;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 139;
Date: 2005;
Original page

Most codon indices used today are based on highly biased nonrandom usage of codons in coding regions. The background of a coding or noncoding DNA sequence, however, is fairly random, and can be characterized as a random fractal. When a gene-finding algorithm incorporates multiple sources of information about coding regions, it becomes more successful. It is thus highly desirable to develop new and efficient codon indices by simultaneously characterizing the fractal and periodic features of a DNA sequence. In this paper, we describe a novel way of achieving this goal. The efficiency of the new codon index is evaluated by studying all of the 16 yeast chromosomes. In particular, we show that the method automatically and correctly identifies which of the three reading frames is the one that contains a gene.
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