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Providing A Non Word Repetition Test in 4-Year-Old Persian Children and Determining its Validity and Reliability

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Author(s): Fateme Sayyahi | Zahra Soleymani | Behrouz Mahmoudi Bakhtiyari | Shohreh Jalaie

Journal: Audiology
ISSN 1735-1936

Volume: 20;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 47;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Speech Test | Non Word Repetition | Working Memory | Children

ABSTRACT
Background and Aim: Phonological working memory is an important factor in speech and language development and the treatment of related disorders. Assessment of this kind of memory is based on non word repetition. The aim of this study was providing a non word repetition test to examine the capacity of phonological working memory and determining its validity and reliability.Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Initially 60 words were selected based on common Persian syllable structures. Then non words were created by changing one or two phonemes in each of the words. Words and non words were assessed by experts for the content validity and 25 non words were selected. 16 boys and 14 girls aged 4 years to 4 years and eleven months were selected by non-probability sampling from the childcares centers in regions 2 and 6 of Tehran. The test was performed twice by a single examiner to evaluate the reliability of test. Children non word repetition scores were determined and correlation analysis was conducted using the Pearsons correlation coefficient.Results: Our results show that a high coefficient correlation between different performances 0.76 (p
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