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Proximate, Minerals and Anti-nutritional Factors of Gardenia aqualla (Gauden dutse) Fruit Pulp

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Author(s): A. Muhammad | S.M. Dangoggo | A.I. Tsafe | A.U. Itodo | F.A. Atiku

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
ISSN 1680-5194

Volume: 10;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 577;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: cyanide | nitrate | saponins | phytate | oxalate | potassium | wild food | Gardenia aqualla fruit

ABSTRACT
The Pulp of Gardenia aqualla fruit was analyzed for nutritional and anti-nutritional composition. The results obtained were moisture content (80.33%), ash (5.00%), crude lipid (1.70%), crude protein (3.85%), crude fibre (trace), available carbohydrate (89.45%) and the energy value (388.50 kcal/100 g). Elemental analyses shows that Sodium is the most abundant element (203.33 mg/100 g) while manganese is the least (0.2 mg/100 g), Lead was also detected (0.37 mg/100 g). The anti-nutritional parameters analyzed include; Phytate (26.57 mg/100 g), Soluble Oxalate (1.70 mg/100 g), Saponin (1.50 mg/100 g), Nitrate (0.38 mg/100 g) while Hydrocyanic acid content are (1.14 mg/100 g). The antinutrients to nutrients ratio indicate the bioavailability of some important minerals except in the case of [Phytate][Fe] and [Phytate][Ca] in the pulp which are found to reach the critical levels and therefore are expected to hinder Iron and Calcium bioavailability in the pulp.
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