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PSO Based State Feedback Controller Design for SVC to Enhance the Stability of Power System

Author(s): Saeid Jalilzadeh | Peyman Farhang | M.Reza Safari Tirtashi

Journal: International Journal of Engineering and Technology
ISSN 2049-3444

Volume: 2;
Issue: 8;
Start page: 1426;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: PSO | Statefeedback controller | SVC | Power system Stability.

SVC is one of the most significant devices in FACTS technology, which is used in parallel compensation, enhancing the transient stability, limiting the low frequency oscillations and, etc. designing a proper controller is effective in operation of SVC. In this paper, a simplified analysis of the effect of a SVC on the stability of a Single Machine Infinite Bus (SMIB) system is presented. The SVC which is located at the terminal of the generator has the state feedback controller in which the coefficients of state feedback are optimized by the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm in order to damp the Low Frequency Oscillations (LFO). The equations that describe the proposed system have been linearized, and then the optimum state feedback controller has been designed for SVC which its optimal coefficients have been earned by PSO algorithm. The system with proposed controller has been simulated for a special disturbance in nominal loading condition. Thereafter, for three states viz light loading condition, normal loading condition and heavy loading condition, to show the robustness of the proposed controller, the previous disturbance has been applied again. Then the dynamic responses of the generator have been presented. The simulation results showed that the system composed with proposed controller has a suitable operation in fast damping of oscillations of the power system. to ensure stability and tracking. Simulations is carried out to verify the theoretical results.
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