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Psychological health and expectations of patients seeking cosmetic rhinoplasty

Author(s): Azizeh Afkham-Ebrahimi | Mansour Salehi | MirFarhad Ghalebandi | Alireza Kafian-Tafty

Journal: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
ISSN 1016-1430

Volume: 22;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 198;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: psychological health | expectations | cosmetic rhinoplasty | SCL-90-R

  Abstract   Background: Cosmetic rhinoplasty is now carried out increasingly in an attempt   to solve the psychological and social problems of people who are discontent with   their nose. Little is known about either the psychological status of persons who seek   rhinoplasty or potential psychological changes following surgery. The challenge that   faces surgeons, is how to identify, before surgical intervention those patients who   may have a poor outcome in terms of psychological adjustment despite a technically   satisfactory result.   Methods: Atotal of 96 patients (84 women and 12 men) who were seeking cosmetic   rhinoplasty were selected and completed an adopted expectation questionnaire   and SCL-90-R, a 90 item self-report symptom inventory which measures 9 primary   symptom dimensions. It is designed primarily to reflect the psychological symptom   patterns of psychiatric and medical patients.   Results: The majority of the patients reported that their noses made them selfconscious,   and thought the rhinoplasty would change their lives. Interpersonal sensitivity   and anxiety were the most reported symptoms in SCL-90-R, followed by obsessive-   compulsive symptoms and depression.   Conclusion: The findings of this study enhance our understanding of psychological   factors in seeking rhinoplasty and provide insight into the surgical-psychological   management of these patients.
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