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Psychological and weight-related characteristics of patients with anorexia nervosa-restricting type who later develop bulimia nervosa

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Author(s): Nishimura Hiroki | Komaki Gen | Ando Tetsuya | Nakahara Toshihiro | Oka Takakazu | Kawai Keisuke | Nagata Toshihiko | Nishizono Aya | Okamoto Yuri | Okabe Kenjiro | Koide Masanori | Yamaguchi Chikara | Saito Satoshi | Ohkuma Kazuyoshi | Nagata Katsutaro | Naruo Tetsuro | Takii Masato | Kiriike Nobuo | Ishikawa Toshio

Journal: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
ISSN 1751-0759

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 5;
Date: 2008;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background Patients with anorexia nervosa-restricting type (AN-R) sometimes develop accompanying bulimic symptoms or the full syndrome of bulimia nervosa (BN). If clinicians could predict who might change into the bulimic sub-type or BN, preventative steps could be taken. Therefore, we investigated anthropometric and psychological factors possibly associated with such changes. Method All participants were from a study by the Japanese Genetic Research Group for Eating Disorders. Of 80 patients initially diagnosed with AN-R, 22 changed to the AN-Binge Eating/Purging Type (AN-BP) and 14 to BN for some period of time. The remaining 44 patients remained AN-R only from the onset to the investigation period. Variables compared by ANOVA included anthropometric measures, personality traits such as Multiple Perfectionism Scale scores and Temperament and Character Inventory scores, and Beck Depression Inventory-II scores. Results In comparison with AN-R only patients, those who developed BN had significantly higher current BMI (p < 0.05) and maximum BMI in the past (p < 0.05). They also scored significantly higher for the psychological characteristic of parental criticism (p < 0.05) and lower in self-directedness (p < 0.05), which confirms previous reports, but these differences disappeared when the depression score was used as a co-variant. No significant differences were obtained for personality traits or depression among the AN-R only patients irrespective of their duration of illness. Conclusion The present findings suggest a tendency toward obesity among patients who cross over from AN-R to BN. Low self-directedness and high parental criticism may be associated with the development of BN by patients with AN-R, although the differences may also be associated with depression.

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