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Psychosocial and Occupational Risk Factors of Musculoskeletal Pains among Computer Users: Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study in Iran

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Author(s): Isaac Rahimian Boogar | Mehdi Ghodrati Mirkouhi

Journal: International Journal of Occupational Hygiene
ISSN 2008-5109

Volume: 5;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 46;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Somatization | Alexithymia | Ergonomic | Musculoskeletal Pains

ABSTRACT
Evaluation an etiological modelwith psychosocial and occupational risk factors has applied implication fortherapeutic intervention. This research was aimed to investigate psychosocialand occupational risk factors of musculoskeletal pains among computer users inSemnan Province of Iran. In this cross-sectional study, 324 computerusers from governmental offices and private industrial/organizationalinstitutes in the province were enrolled by random sampling at the age of 25 to63 yr old. Data were collected by Demographical-Occupational and Musculoskeletalpains history Questionnaire and a set of specialist-validated questions, theDepression Anxiety Stress Scales, Toronto Alexithymia Scale, and theMultidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Gathered data were examinedvia binary logistic regression analysis. The mean age was 39.76±7.77 years,48.8% were male and 51.2% were female. Age, duration of occupation, dailycomputer usage, incorrect body posture, work overload, poor ergonomicknowledge, social support, alexithymia, depression and somatization were significantly associated withmusculoskeletal pains (p
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