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Los pueblos de indios vinculados con las políticas de separación residencial en el Nuevo Reno de Granada.

Author(s): Laura Osorio.

Journal: Historia Crítica
ISSN 0121-1617

Issue: 27;
Start page: 277;
Date: 2004;
Original page

Keywords: colony | indian villages | residential segregration policies | subject | space | republic | city | crossbreeding between the white and Indian races | civilz^ation | outsiders | vagabonds | idlers.

One of the basic points of the social policy of the Spanish Crown in America and specifically in the Kingdom of Nueva Granada was the dualism or división between the community or Republic of the Spaniards and the Republic of the Indians. The term «human» changed from meaning «living collectively» to «toll of the bell» or «in pólice» in «republic». This was made concrete in two inter-related dimensions: on the one hand, in the design of a certain type of stratified urban spatial configuration and, on the other hand, in the promotion of a type of subject who would respond to said conditions of «coexistence», and the condemnation of those who did not enroll in the «well-ordered» way of life. Thus, the policies aimed at reducing the indian population, originally differentiated from the urban population, which was considered to be the space of «civilization», «whites», and «other people», were logically reinforced through mechanisms such as residential segregation policies. Nevertheless, this ideal visión of socio- spatial order would confront in practice, on the one hand, the Spaniards' need to have the indians cióse at hand for various reasons, especially of an economic nature and, on the other hand, the danger of disturbances resulting from crossbreeding between the white and indian races.
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