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Purine Derivatives in The Plasma and Urine and Tissue Xanthine Oxidase (XO) in Sudanese Camels (Camelus dromedarius)

Author(s): H. E. Mohamed

Journal: Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
ISSN 1680-5593

Volume: 5;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 310;
Date: 2006;
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Keywords: Camel | purine derivatives | xanthine oxidase

The present study was conducted to examine urinary and plasma purine derivatives in light to different feeding protocol; to assess tissue xanthine oxidase activity in plasma, liver and intestine in relation to breed. Breed-related differences in tissue xanthine were observed. Arabi camels have higher figures compared to Anafi. Xanthine oxidase activities in Arabi plasma, liver and intestine were 0.90.1, 0.180.09 and 0.100.03, whereas in Anafi were 0.40.09 unit/L, 0.060.01 unit/gram wet tissue, 0.090.02 unit/gram wet tissue, respectively. Total urinary purine derivatives as a function of feed intake (11.43 vs. 15.09 mmol/d). Allantoin and uric acid compared 75.6 and 15.4% of total purine derivatives, in both fed and fasted camels, but hypoxanthine plus xanthine was 9%.
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