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Quale etica per quale futuro? Le vie dell’etica – uno sguardo retrospettivo

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Author(s): Francesca Caputo

Journal: Topologik : Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Filosofiche, Pedagogiche e Sociali
ISSN 2036-5683

Issue: 13;
Start page: 63;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: norms | language | dialectical discursive | discourse ethics | universal consensus

ABSTRACT
This paper, starting from the question “Which etichs for what future?”, retraces a few streets of ethical reflection, subdividing the exploration in moments of classical Greece (with Socrates, Plato and Aristotle), of modernity (with Kant, developmentsscience, Hegel) and of the current globalized world (with Jürgen Habermas and Karl-Otto Apel). The problem of values, in particular, and of ethics,in general, arises today, as in the past, in a double sense: regards, on the one hand, their possible foundation or legitimation, on the other, their possible sharing andacceptance by all members of the community. Discourse ethics, especially in the version theorized by Karl-Otto Apel, appears more congenial in outlining the minimum basis of a common ethics shared, guaranteed by the universal consensus of ethics intrinsic to the discourse.
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