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Quality of life in HIV/AIDS

Author(s): Basavaraj K | Navya M | Rashmi R

Journal: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
ISSN 0253-7184

Volume: 31;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 75;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: AIDS | antiretroviral therapy | anxiety | coping | depression | HIV | psychosocial | quality of life | social support

Given the longevity achievable with current prophylactic and therapeutic strategies for persons with HIV infection, quality of life (QOL) has emerged as a significant medical outcome measure, and its enhancement has an important goal. This review highlights the relevance and complexity of physical, psychological, and social factors as determinants of health-related quality of life in HIV-infected persons. Existing data suggest that physical manifestations, antiretroviral therapy, psychological well-being, social support systems, coping strategies, spiritual well-being, and psychiatric comorbidities are important predictors of QOL in this population. Consequently, the impact of HIV infection on the dimensions of QOL, including physical and emotional well-being, social support systems, and life roles, has emerged as a key issue for persons infected with HIV.
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