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Quality of life in patients with chronic renal failure

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Author(s): Petrović Lada | Mitić Igor | Božić Dušan | Vodopivec Slavenka | Đurđević-Mirković Tatjana

Journal: Medicinski Pregled
ISSN 0025-8105

Volume: 59;
Issue: 9-10;
Start page: 411;
Date: 2006;
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Keywords: Quality of Life | Kidney Failure | Chronic | Depression | Activities of Daily Living | Health Status

ABSTRACT
Introduction. Hemodialysis and transplantation are performed not only to replace renal function, but also to improve patients' quality of life. The aim of our investigation was to compare the quality of life in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) before and after the introduction of active therapy. Material and methods. We tested 76 patients (pts): 20 pts on conservative therapy (CT), 21 pts on chronic hemodialysis and 35 pts with renal transplantation. A questionnaire (combining two questionnaires) was used to investigate the physical, emotional and social aspects of health. Results. In regard to physical health of transplantation patients (TP) it was established that work capacity and activities were less damaged, whereas physical activity was highest in pts on CT. Social activity was limited in a higher percentage in TP (40%) than in hemodialysis patients (HD) (19%), while family relationships were most damaged in pts on HD (28.57%). Discomforts were most common in pts on HD. The highest percentage of pts estimated their health status as good or average, but their health status improved after transplantation in 82.86% that is in 57.14% after HD. It was similar with the quality of life: 28.57% of kidney transplant patients rated their quality of life as very good, and 54.28% rated it as good; 38.09% of HD patients rated their quality of life as very good, whereas only 5% of CT patients rated it as very good, and 20% as good. .
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