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Quality of life in patients with spinal cord injury: literature review study

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Author(s): Gelson Aguiar da Silva, Juliana Neves da Costa, Thelma Leite de Araújo, Zuíla Maria de Figueiredo Carvalho, Ângela Maria Alves e Souza, Violante Augusta Batista Braga

Journal: Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line
ISSN 1981-8963

Volume: 3;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 974;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: quality of life | people with disabilities | spinal cord | health of disabled or incapacitated people.

ABSTRACT
Objective: to identify and systematize — in the literature available in computer databases (LILACS and MEDLINE) — studies on the quality of life of people with physical disabilities from spinal cord injury in the period from 1994 to 2004. Methods: this is a descriptive and exploratory study, in which a bibliographic review was performed. The following descriptors were used: people with physical disabilities, handicapped people, spinal cord injuries, quality of life, nursing and nursing care, and 27 articles were found, which comprised the sample for the study. Results: the topics of the articles encountered were the following: well-being of individuals with spinal cord injury; the rehabilitation process; life satisfaction; performance of physical activities and life expectancy. The study indicated an overall lack of publications in the field of nursing, as well as in methodological aspects. It was found that, although improving the life quality of patients with spinal cord injury is extremely important, there is a scarcity of studies on this subject, and it should be further investigated and discussed. Conclusion: therefore, it is important to include an understanding of the subjectivity of individuals with spinal cord injury and their perception on quality of life, aimed at improving nursing care.
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