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Racionalidad y democracia en el pragmatismo rortiano

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Author(s): Roberto Sánchez Benítez

Journal: Signos Filosóficos
ISSN 1665-1324

Volume: V;
Issue: 9;
Start page: 227;
Date: 2003;
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Keywords: democracia | racionalidad | progreso moral | público | privado

ABSTRACT
Resumen: Si no es posible encontrar un fundamento racional para las democracias liberales, esto es, argumentar que constituyen sistemas políticos superiores a otros (la caída del socialismo no es suficiente, como ha sostenido popularmente Fukuyama), entonces queda el hecho de estarla evaluando constantemente a partir de sus consecuencias, y exigir reformas seriadas que representen una transformación de índole ético y cultural. Hablar de democracia, como veremos, es hacerlo a propósito de una “identidad y comunidad morales”. Tarea central de las democracias contemporáneas, ahí donde seamos capaces de identificarlas, consiste en ampliar las “obligaciones morales” que tienden a incorporar en mayor medida el “ellos” al “nosotros”, de forma que el “mundo” de cada cual no sea destruido (solidaridad). Rorty se inscribe en la tradición de Dewey al seguir destacando el vinculo del pragmatismo con los problemas de la democracia, es decir, entender a éste como un proyecto para una utopía social democrática. Abstract: If it is impossible to find a rational foundation for liberal democracies, that is, to argue that they constitute political systems which are superior to others (the fall of socialism is not sufficient, as Fukuyama has popularly sustained), then it remains to constantly evaluate democratic systems from its consequences, and demanding a series of reforms that represent a transformation of an ethic and cultural nature. To speak of democracy, as we will see, is to do so with regard to a “moral identity and community”. A central task of contemporary democracies, where we are able to identify them, consists in widening the “moral obligations” which tend to incorporate in a greater measure “them” to “us”, in such a way that the “world” of each one is not destroyed (solidarity). Rorty inscribes himself in the Dewey an tradition by continuing to highlight the link of pragmatism with the problems of democracy, that is, to understand pragmatism as a proyect for a social democratic utopia.
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