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Random Field Estimation with Delay-Constrained and Delay-Tolerant Wireless Sensor Networks

Author(s): Matamoros Javier | Antón-Haro Carles

Journal: EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking
ISSN 1687-1472

Volume: 2010;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 102460;
Date: 2010;
Original page

In this paper, we study the problem of random field estimation with wireless sensor networks. We consider two encoding strategies, namely, Compress-and-Estimate (C&E) and Quantize-and-Estimate (Q&E), which operate with and without side information at the decoder, respectively. We focus our attention on two scenarios of interest: delay-constrained networks, in which the observations collected in a particular timeslot must be immediately encoded and conveyed to the Fusion Center (FC); delay-tolerant (DT) networks, where the time horizon is enlarged to a number of consecutive timeslots. For both scenarios and encoding strategies, we extensively analyze the distortion in the reconstructed random field. In DT scenarios, we find closed-form expressions of the optimal number of samples to be encoded in each timeslot (Q&E and C&E cases). Besides, we identify buffer stability conditions and a number of interesting distortion versus buffer occupancy tradeoffs. Latency issues in the reconstruction of the random field are addressed, as well. Computer simulation and numerical results are given in terms of distortion versus number of sensor nodes or SNR, latency versus network size, or buffer occupancy.
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