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Real Option Method and Escalation of Commitment in the Evaluation of Investment Projects

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Author(s): Mehrdad Karami | Farshid A. Farsani

Journal: American Journal of Economics and Business Administration
ISSN 1945-5488

Volume: 3;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 473;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Investment projects evaluation | economic feasibility study | real option method | capital budgeting | investment option | personal justificatory | social context | dependent variables | measurement tools

ABSTRACT
Problem statement: This study applies an experimental method to find out whether using the real option method along with the discounted cash flow techniques can reduce the decision-makersÂ’ Escalation of Commitment (EC hereafter) or their desire to keep up their commitment to a failed project. Approach: The real option method used for the evaluation of long-term projects also measures the flexibility value which may be produced during the implementation of the project. Results: The results indicate that those who use the real option method show lower EC to a failed project than those who merely use the net present value method. Conclusion/Recommendations: The major conclusion might be that using the real option method in capital budgeting can affect the usersÂ’ behavior and decisions and lead to better decision-making in the long-term projects. In view of the fact that longterm investment projects are costly and time-consuming, a greater need is felt for better methods of evaluating such projects and, in consequence, researchers should also consider the other affective aspects of using real method options on the users' behavior and decisions.
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