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Realization of a 33 GHz phononic crystal fabricated in a freestanding membrane

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Author(s): Drew F. Goettler | Mehmet F. Su | Charles M. Reinke | Seyedhamidreza Alaie | Patrick E. Hopkins | Roy H. Olsson III | Ihab El-Kady | Zayd C. Leseman

Journal: AIP Advances
ISSN 2158-3226

Volume: 1;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 042001;
Date: 2011;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Phononic crystals (PnCs) are man-made structures with periodically varying material properties such as density, ρ, and elastic modulus, E. Periodic variations of the material properties with nanoscale characteristic dimensions yield PnCs that operate at frequencies above 10 GHz, allowing for the manipulation of thermal properties. In this article, a 2D simple cubic lattice PnC operating at 33 GHz is reported. The PnC is created by nanofabrication with a focused ion beam. A freestanding membrane of silicon is ion milled to create a simple cubic array of 32 nm diameter holes that are subsequently backfilled with tungsten to create inclusions at a spacing of 100 nm. Simulations are used to predict the operating frequency of the PnC. Additional modeling shows that milling a freestanding membrane has a unique characteristic; the exit via has a conical shape, or trumpet-like appearance.

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