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Reconstruction of iliac crest with rib to prevent donor site complications: A prospective study of 26 cases

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Author(s): Dave B | Modi H | Gupta A | Nanda A

Journal: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
ISSN 0019-5413

Volume: 41;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 180;
Date: 2007;
Original page

Keywords: Pathology of dorsal spine | reconstruction of donor site with rib | thoracotomy | tricortical bone graft

ABSTRACT
Background: The tricortical bone graft from the iliac crest are used to reconstruct the post corpectomy spinal defects. The donor iliac area defect is large and may give rise to pain at donor site, instability of pelvis, fracture of ilium, donor site muscle herniation or abdominal content herniation. Rib removed during thoracotomy was used by us to reconstruct the iliac crest defect. Materials and Methods: Twenty-six patients who underwent thoracotomy for dorsal spine corpectomy or curettage for various spinal pathologies from June 2002 to May 2004 were included in the study. After adequate decompression the spine was reconstructed by tricortical bone graft from iliac crest and reconstruction of the iliac crest was done with the rib removed for exposure during thoracotomy. Results: The mean follow up was 15 months. All patients had good graft incorporation which was evaluated on the basis of local tenderness and radiographs. One patient had graft displacement. Conclusion: The reconstruction of iliac crest by rib is a simple and effective procedure to prevent donor site complications.
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