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Reducing dangerous waste by applying low-waste technologies

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Author(s): K. Mijanović

Journal: Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering
ISSN 1734-8412

Volume: 29;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 195;
Date: 2008;
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Keywords: QMS | EMS | Environmental Performances | Reengineering | Synthetic oils | Production processes | Drilling processes

ABSTRACT
Purpose: Growing level of automatism, information technologies and other technological achievements on the one hand and unadjusted production companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina on the other, impose a need for new knowledge from the aspect of adaptability and increasing eco-efficiency of production systems. Engineers face the problems of growing trends of change in the area of technology, organization, decision making process and management of production systems. Changes cause searching for new solutions, and solutions demand innovative action in changed conditions. New and innovated technologies, also wide appliance of recycle procedures of waste materials and their further use, will lead to appliance of new production principle “production-consumer-waste-recycle-entrance”, which demands a need for new knowledge connected with relationship between production system and environment. For production systems, strategy of Cleaner Production is primarily applied to reducing pressure during whole cycle of production and services, from design and use to the final disposal.Design/methodology/approach: This work will show how dangerous and toxic waste can be controlled and reduced by using principles of “Cleaner Production”, as well as how that task will be transferred to the lower level of managers, who should predict, plan, manage and control the market. Using control of quantity and quality of raw materials, parameters of workability and reduction of waste risk materials can be influenced. The factory producing tools planned and carried out an experiment with the purpose of substitution of the mineral oils for cutting. That experiment has been carried out by the mathematic apparatus „Box-Wilson” with the usage of two-factor plan of the experiment.Findings: Experiment showed that it is possible to use synthetic oils for cutting in certain intervals of work. Synthetic oils are biodegradable thus they have lesser pressure to the environment.Research limitations/implications: This work justifies possibilities of innovative action in the EMS functioning. Technologist can make plans, with permanent goal of achieving higher eco-efficiency only in the conditions of use that have been already explored.Practical implications: There are implications with the need of researching conditions, and with processing of increased demands for the quality. Every problem needs to be approached in a experimental way and confirm the assumption.Originality/value: This work is original in observed conditions of usage and with the usage of given approach in the research. It is confirmed that that synthetic oils for cuttings can be substituted by mineral oils and in that way increase eco-efficiency.
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