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Reduction of post injury neointima formation due to 17β-estradiol and phytoestrogen treatment is not influenced by the pure synthetic estrogen receptor antagonist ICI 182,780 in vitro

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Author(s): Finking Gerald | Lenz Christina | Schochat Thomas | Hanke Hartmut

Journal: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
ISSN 1471-2261

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 13;
Date: 2002;
Original page

Keywords: vascular injury | 17β-estradiol | phytoestrogens | ICI 182 | 780 | estrogen receptor

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background Animal and organ culture experiments have shown beneficial inhibitory estrogen effects on post injury neointima development. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether such estrogen effects are influenced by the estrogen receptor antagonist ICI 182,780. Different concentrations of 17β-estradiol and the phytoestrogens genistein and daidzein were tested. Methods F emale New Zealand White rabbits were benumbed. In situ vascular injury of the thoracic and abdominal aorta was performed by a 3F Fogarty catheter. Segments of 5 mm were randomised and held in culture for 21 days. Three test series were performed: 1) control group – 20 μM ICI – 30 μM ICI – 40 μM ICI. 2) control group – 20 μM ICI – 40 μM 17β-estradiol – 40 μM 17β-estradiol + 20 μM ICI. 3) control group – 20 μM ICI – 40 μM daidzein – 40 μM daidzein + 20 μM ICI – 20 μM genistein – 20 μM genistein + 20 μM ICI. After 21 days the neointima-media-ratio was evaluated. Results 1) Treatment with ICI 182,780 did not reduce neointima formation significantly (p = 0.05). 2) 40 μM 17β-estradiol alone (p < 0.0001) and in combination with 20 μM ICI (p < 0.0001) reduced neointima formation significantly. 3) 20 μM genistein alone (p = 0.0083) and combined with 20 μM ICI (p = 0.0053) reduced neointima formation significantly. 40 μM daidzein did not have a significant (p = 0.0637) effect. Conclusions The estrogen receptor antagonist ICI 182,780 did not modulate the inhibitory estrogen effects on post injury neointima formation. These results do not support the idea that such effects are mediated by vascular estrogen receptors.
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Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona