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REESTRUTURAÇÃO PRODUTIVA, TRABALHO E TRANSFORMAÇÕES NO ESPAÇO METROPOLITANO DE FORTALEZA

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Author(s): Alexsandra Maria Vieira Muniz | José Borzacchiello da Silva | Maria Clélia Lustosa Costa

Journal: Boletim Goiano de Geografia
ISSN 0101-708X

Volume: 31;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 13;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Productive and spatial restructuring | labor market | internal and international division of labor | mobility of the population.

ABSTRACT
In the face of the ongoing process of productive and spatial restructuring, the Metropolitan Region of Fortaleza(RMF) experiments the substitution of forms and the diversification of its functions. The creation of industrialdistricts and large housing projects has led to a complex form of the urban structure in the metropolis,with changes in the socio-spatial organization. Different from an expected loss of functions, Fortaleza hasstrengthened its command capacities due to the new roles that the municipalities of the RMF play in the socialand technical division of labor. However, these municipalities have remained dependent on the supply of servicesfrom the capital that has specialized on the tertiary sector, increasing its polarizing power and area of influence.The policies for the incentive of tourism, real estate deals, agribusiness, and the growth and expansion of theindustry in Ceará have produced changes in the employment structure, on the labor market, and consequently inthe metropolis. This article analyzes the impacts of the processes of restructuring in the metropolitan space ofFortaleza and their implications for the labor force profile and the spatial mobility. It shows the impulse and therescaling of the industry in the RMF and the resulting expansion of its zone of influence to other states and thetransnational space, and these processes favor the emergence of new centralities.

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