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Regard critique sur la mise en place d’indicateurs d’évaluation de l’efficacité des aires marines protégées A critical look at the definition of indicators to assess the effectiveness of marine protected areas

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Author(s): Stéphanie Pasquaud et Jérémy Lobry

Journal: Sciences Eaux & Territoires : la Revue du IRSTEA
ISSN 2109-3016

Volume: 2010;
Issue: 03;
Start page: 122;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: BIODIVERSITE | INDICATEUR ECOLOGIQUE | PROTECTION DES ESPECES | MILIEU AQUATIQUE

ABSTRACT
Les aires marines protégées (AMP) ont été créées pour protéger des espèces rares menacées et/ou préserver des habitats remarquables. Quel est le bilan de ces espaces ? Ont-ils permis de restaurer la biodiversité que l'on a souhaité conserver ? Le choix des indicateurs est-il toujours pertinent ? Comment les améliorer ?The international community’s commitment to creating and managing a coherent network of marine protected areas (MPA) by 2012 leads us to reflect on the definition of MPA effectiveness and on how best to assess its impact through the development of appropriate indicators. This approach leads to a better understanding of the difficulties involved in developing these indicators, difficulties linked to the complexity of MPAs and the need to reach a compromise between the conservation of biodiversity, on the one hand, and socio-economic and governance-related interests, on the other.
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