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Regularity of mitosis in different varieties of winter bread wheat under the action of herbicides

Author(s): Tatyana Eugenivna KOPYTCHUK | Alexander Lvovivh SECHNYAK

Journal: Analele Universitatii din Oradea, Fascicula Biologie
ISSN 1224-5119

Volume: TOM XIX;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 80;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: wheat | herbicides | mutagenic activity | anaphase test

The influence of the most widespread herbicides on winter wheat in Ukraine was studied by anaphase test. Treatment with herbicides reduced the germination of the seeds and disturbed the regularity of mitosis in all varieties of wheat. The range of violations of mitosis was demonstrated by the formation of chromosomal aberrations and dysfunctions of cell cytoskeleton which occurred while processing herbicides. Varietal differences between investigated wheat by sensitivity to herbicides were discovered. The most resistant to herbicides was variety Fantasya Odesskaya, and the most sensitive – Nikoniya, while the most harmful herbicide for wheat was Napalm.
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