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Regulation of heme oxygenase expression by alcohol, hypoxia and oxidative stress

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Author(s): Lisa Nicole Gerjevic | Sizhao Lu | Jonathan Pascal Chaky | Duygu Dee Harrison-Findik

Journal: World Journal of Biological Chemistry
ISSN 1949-8454

Volume: 2;
Issue: 12;
Start page: 252;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Alcohol | Brain | Duodenum | Heme oxygenase | Hypoxia | Iron | Liver | Mitochondria | Oxidative stress | Reactive oxygen species

ABSTRACT
AIM: To study the effect of both acute and chronic alcohol exposure on heme oxygenases (HOs) in the brain, liver and duodenum. METHODS: Wild-type C57BL/6 mice, heterozygous Sod2 knockout mice, which exhibit attenuated manganese superoxide dismutase activity, and liver-specific ARNT knockout mice were used to investigate the role of alcohol-induced oxidative stress and hypoxia. For acute alcohol exposure, ethanol was administered in the drinking water for 1 wk. Mice were pair-fed with regular or ethanol-containing Lieber De Carli liquid diets for 4 wk for chronic alcohol studies. HO expression was analyzed by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. RESULTS: Chronic alcohol exposure downregulated HO-1 expression in the brain but upregulated it in the duodenum of wild-type mice. It did not alter liver HO-1 expression, nor HO-2 expression in the brain, liver or duodenum. In contrast, acute alcohol exposure decreased both liver HO-1 and HO-2 expression, and HO-2 expression in the duodenum of wild-type mice. The decrease in liver HO-1 expression was abolished in ARNT+/- mice. Sod2+/- mice with acute alcohol exposure did not exhibit any changes in liver HO-1 and HO-2 expression or in brain HO-2 expression. However, alcohol inhibited brain HO-1 and duodenal HO-2 but increased duodenal HO-1 expression in Sod2+/- mice. Collectively, these findings indicate that acute and chronic alcohol exposure regulates HO expression in a tissue-specific manner. Chronic alcohol exposure alters brain and duodenal, but not liver HO expression. However, acute alcohol exposure inhibits liver HO-1 and HO-2, and also duodenal HO-2 expression. CONCLUSION: The inhibition of liver HO expression by acute alcohol-induced hypoxia may play a role in the early phases of alcoholic liver disease progression.
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