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Relating with God Contributes to Variance in Happiness, over that from Personality and Age

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Author(s): John Fisher

Journal: Religions
ISSN 2077-1444

Volume: 4;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 313;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: happiness | personality | age | relation with God

ABSTRACT
A previous study on university students reported that personal, communal, and environmental spiritual well-being contributed to happiness over and above personality but that relating with God did not. In this study, happiness was assessed using a modified Oxford Happiness Inventory. Personality scores were obtained using forms of Eysenck’s Personality Questionnaire. Four domains of spiritual well-being were determined using Fisher’s Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire. Relationship with God was reflected by the Transcendental domain of spiritual well-being in this instrument. Studies with 466 university students from Australia, Northern Ireland, and England, 494 people attending churches in Ballarat, and 1002 secondary school students in Victoria showed that relating with God accounts for variance on happiness, over and above personality, and age.
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