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Relation between Physical Growth of 0-2 Year-Old Children and Socioeconomic and Educational Situation of Their Parents in Karadj/Iran

Author(s): M Kabiri | Mitra Parsinia | Mandana Goodarzi | Gh-R Babayi

Journal: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
ISSN 2008-2142

Volume: 13;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 47;
Date: 2003;
Original page

Keywords: Growth | Logistic Model | Biostatistics | Nutrition

Favorable physical growth is a reliable measure for the evaluation of health situation in children especially in the first two years of life. To evaluate the normal growth of the children international tables and diagrams are consulted. But with regard to the geographical, racial and local differences, these lose on accuracy and sensitivity. This study was conducted to evaluate the relation between the physical growth of 0-2 year-old children and the socioeconomic as well as the grade of education of their parents. These children were seen in the health centers of Karadj/Iran. The study cohort consisted of 300 children and the information was extracted from their health files of 24-month-old children. The interrelation of weight, height and head circumference was studied using the Logistic Regression Model for each of these factors. The data were collected using a questionnaire containing 37 questions based on the special goals of the study. The results are registered in 3 tables. In order to study the units to be investigated, we used description and deduction statistics. The results show that there are significant statistical interrelation between the weight and gender of the child (P=0.034) as well as the grade of education of the mother and father s occupation (P=0.000). Between the weight of the child with nutrition (chicken, fish, mutton) there is also a significant interrelation. The results show additionally that proper nutrition is one of the most important factors affecting the process of growth and weight gain in children. The degree of mother s education and economical situation of the family (father s employment) affects the weight gain of the child.
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