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Relation of Body Mass Index with Lipid Profile and Blood Pressure in Healthy Female of Lower Socioeconomic Group, in Kaduna Northern Nigeria

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Author(s): Attahir Abubakar

Journal: Asian Journal of Medical Sciences
ISSN 2040-8765

Volume: 1;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 94;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Hypertension | body mass index | cholesterol

ABSTRACT
In Nigeria 30 million people suffer from this hypertension which is the main risk factor for stroke, and renal failure. Elevated levels of triglyceride, cholesterol and LDL-C are documented as risk factors for atherogenesis.LDL-C in its oxidized or acetylated form has been identified as a majoratherogenicparticle. Fifty two women between 19-32 years of age attending Primary Health Care center (PHC) in Kaduna and its environment were use in this study. Their height, weight and systolic and diastolic blood pressures were recorded. Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated by using their height (m2) and weight (kg). On the basis of BMI, all participants were divided into three groups that is under weight whose BMI was less than 19 kg / m2, normalwho’sBMI was between 19 and 26 kg / m2and overweight who’s BMI was more than 26 kg / m2. The mean BMI of the three groups in the 52 participants was 150.1 mg/dl ±31.7, mean LDL-C was 91.6 mg/dl ±22.6, mean HDL-C was 39.7 mg/dl ±9.1 and mean triglycerides were 93.9 mg/dl ±41.6. Mean systolic blood pressure was 114.1 mmHg ±11.8 and mean diastolic blood pressure was 74.1 mmHg ±7.9. There were significant differences in mean serum HDL-C, triglycerides, systolic and diastolic blood pressure among three BMI groups (P
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