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Relationship among psychopathological symptoms, treatment adherence and quality of life in HIV/AIDS infection / Relação entre sintomatologia psicopatológica, adesão ao tratamento e qualidade de vida na infecção HIV e AIDS

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Author(s): Ana Catarina Reis | Leonor Lencastre | Marina Prista Guerra | Eduardo Remor

Journal: Psicologia : Reflexão e Crítica
ISSN 0102-7972

Volume: 23;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 420;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Treatment Adherence | HIV/AIDS | CEAT-VIH | Quality of Life | Mental Health

ABSTRACT
The study shows evidence of statistical association among psychopathological symptoms (BSI), treatment adherence (CEAT-VIH) and quality of life (WHOQOL-Bref) in 125 HIV-positive/AIDS patients followed at Porto Hospital (Portugal). The psychopathological symptoms present a negative correlation with treatment adherence and quality of life. On the other hand, adherence was positively correlated with quality of life. The model of adherence to the antiretroviral treatment using multiple regression analysis includes absence of psychopathological symptoms, an adherence behavior (i.e. to get the medication at the hospital's pharmacy) and the experience of side effects because of medication (R2 = 0.30). Besides, psychopathological symptoms have a mediation effect between adherence and quality of life in people with HIV/AIDS.
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