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The Relationship Between Dietary Intake, Body Composition and Blood Pressure in Male Adult Miners in Ghana

Author(s): A.N. Afoakwah | W.B. Owusu

Journal: Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition
ISSN 1992-1470

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: percent body fat | body mass index | High blood pressure | waist to hip-ratio | cholesterol | miners

Unhealthy lifestyle and eating habits have been associated with the increasing prevalence of diet-related non- communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disorders and hypertension. The study was a cross-sectional involving 320 underground male miners in the Obuasi municipality. The research was conducted to generate data on the associations between characteristics of underground miners, their nutrition and blood pressure. Cluster and simple random sampling techniques were used to select the respondents from their residential areas. Independent sample t-test and Spearman’s correlation (2 tailed) were used to test the significance of associations between selected continuous variables, while Chi-square test was used to test for significance between categorical variables. Logistic regression was used to determine the extent to which significant variables predicted high blood pressure. Results indicated that apart from vehicle ownership (p = 0.02) and length of working underground (p
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