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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN OTTOMAN AND SPAIN IN THE END OF XVIIIth CENTURY / XVIII. YÜZYILIN SONUNDA OSMANLI-İSPANYA İLİSKİLERİ: İLK İSPANYOL DAİMİ ELÇİSİ DON JUAN DE BOULIGNY ÖRNEĞİ

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Author(s): Dr. Hüseyin Serdar TABAKOĞLU

Journal: Journal of Turkish Studies
ISSN 1308-2140

Volume: 3;
Issue: 7;
Start page: 812;
Date: 2008;
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Keywords: Ottoman | Spanish | ahidnâme | Bouligny | the French Revolution

ABSTRACT
The Ottoman and Spanish empires struggled forthe control of the Mediterranean during the 16th centurybut they withdrew their forces from this conflict for otherpriorities at the end of the century. In the 17th and 18thcenturies their power decreased and classical institutionswere damaged. The Ottomans and Spanish tried torestore their former glory by reforming their institutions.The Ottomans and Spanish re-established their politicaland economic relations and signed a treaty of neutralityin 1782. Thus, the Ottomans had an important supportagainst the Russian presence in the Mediterranean.Spain, after re-establishing relations with the Ottomans,appointed their first permanent ambassador to Đstanbuland Don Juan de Bouligny started his mission in 1783.He worked to establish the embassy, find translators anddragomans, release the Spanish prisoners in theOttoman lands. After the French Revolution, a struggleoccured between the pro-French and anti-Frenchdiplomats in Đstanbul. Spain signed an alliance with theRevolutionary France in 1796, and the Spanish vesselsjoined the French armada to occupy Egypt. Boulignyordered the Spanish consulates in the Mediterranean toassist the French armada. That was why, the firstSpanish permanent representative in Đstanbul, Don Juande Bouligny was declared persona non grata and deportedin 1799. However, friendly relations with Spain waspreserved.
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