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Relationship of Number and Density of Inhabitants of Houses and Presence of Mosquitoes with Aedes aegypti Biting Frequency in Cirebon District West Java

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Author(s): Lukman Hakim | Asep Jajang Kusnandar

Journal: Aspirator : Journal of Vector Borne Diseases Studies
ISSN 2085-4102

Volume: 2;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 92;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Aedes aegypti | biting frequency | number and density of the human | DHF

ABSTRACT
Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is an infectious disease caused by dengue virus with the widest spread in the Asian region. In Indonesia, every year is always an outbreak in some provinces, the largest occurred in 1998 and 2004 with the number of patient mortality by 79 480 people with 800 people. To know the risk factor for dengue transmission in Cirebon District that had a high DHF cases, had been conducted the research with calculating the number and density of humans at the houses and also survey of density of Aedes aegypti pre-adult and adult stages.The research was resulting that the house index (HI) of Ae. aegypti is 58%, while homes found Ae. aegypti adults is 46%, 6 of which house is the house that is not found larvae / pu-pae of mosquitoes. The laboratory tests found that the frequency of biting Ae. aegypti mos-quitoes average 4.5 times per day, at least 2 times and no more than 7 times per day. Num-ber of people bitten by adult mosquitoes average of 3.1 people per day, is at least 2 people and maximum 5 people per day. Based on the statistically test, it is known that there is significant correlation between the number of inhabitants of the house and the presence of mosquito larvae / pupa of Ae. aegypti mosquito with biting frequency, whereas the most dominant variable was the presence of larvae / pupae of mosquitoes. Furthermore, it is advisable to do the cleaning intensification of Aedes breeding places in and outside the home including those hidden. It is also necessary to place residential settings so that the number of occupants per house so less.
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