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Relationship of Transmission Factors with Malaria Incidence on Migration Workers from Lengkong sub-district Sukabumi

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Author(s): Marliah Santi | Lukman Hakim

Journal: Aspirator : Journal of Vector Borne Diseases Studies
ISSN 2085-4102

Volume: 3;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 89;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: labor migration | malaria import | chemoprophylaxis | history of malaria at before migrating | the health seeking

ABSTRACT
Lengkong sub-district is malaria-endemic areas with a high morbidity. In the past three years, there is a decrease in the number of malaria cas es, but the number of imported malaria cases has increased significantly from the migration of workers return ing from ma­laria-endemic areas outside Java. Epidemiological studies have been conducted with the aim of knowing the transmission factors associated with malaria incidence in the population of Lengkong, Sukabumi who ever migrated. Research conducted in the Cilangkap and Langkapjaya Village held in November 2011. The type of research is quantitative with a cross-sectional study design. The study population is the all of community that perform mi­grate in 2011 and at the time of the study was in the villages. The data was collected by in­terviewing with respondents about the des ti nation of migration, length of stay in the area of migration, the use of chemoprophylaxis before leaving for migration, history of malaria at before, the health seeking, installation of wire netting on ventilation of house, the use of bed nets, and also the incidence of malaria as long as migration and at period of one month after discharge. The collected data is analyzed to determine relationship of each independent var­iable with the dependent variable. The results obtained from 100 respondents, 97% migra­tion to malaria-endemic areas, length of stay was 96% in > 1 month, 55% did not use chem­oprophylaxis, 57% had been sick with malaria at before, 69% seeking health to non health officer, 100% did not use bed nets, and house without wire netting, and also 26% had been exposed wit malaria. Bivariate analysis shows, the use of chemoprophylaxis, previous histo­ry of malaria and sought health treatment are factor associated with the incidence of malar­ia on labor migration.
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