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Relative frequency of animal rabies and factors affecting it in Kerman province, 1993 - 2003

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Author(s): Bahonar A.R. | Rashidi H. | Simani S. | Fayaz A. | Haghdoost A.A. | Rezaei-nassab M. | Rad M.A.

Journal: Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research
ISSN 1735-7586

Volume: 5;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 69;
Date: 2007;
Original page

Keywords: Animal rabies | Province of Kerman

ABSTRACT
Background and Aim: Rabies is one of the oldest and most serious zoonoses in the world. In Iran, the disease has been reported from most of the provinces and among domestic as well as wild animals. This study was conducted in the province of Kerman and aimed to assess the frequency and epidemiological features of suspected and confirmed animal rabies cases from 1993 to 2003.Material and Methods: During the study period, all cases of suspected animals (brain specimens) had sent to Pasteur institute of Iran for pathological (Negri bodies) examinations. After collecting data on variables such as species of animal, city, season, annual rainfall and temperature, analysis was performed by calculation of Pearson correlation coefficient and Chi square, Fisher's exact, Students's t and Kolmogorov Smirnov tests using the SPSS package (ver.11.5). Results: From 362 suspected brain samples, 301 (83.1%) had positive serologic and pathological results. We recorded an ascending trend over the study period (p=0.01). The effect of seasonal variations on the frequency of suspected and confirmed cases of animal rabies was significant (p
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