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Removal of Anionic Surfactants in Detergent Wastewater by Chemical Coagulation

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Author(s): Amir Hossein Mahvi | A. Maleki | B. Roshani

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
ISSN 1028-8880

Volume: 7;
Issue: 12;
Start page: 2222;
Date: 2004;
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Keywords: surfactant removal | detergent wastewater | coaulation

ABSTRACT
The present study was conducted to investigate the treatment of surfactant wastewater by a bench scale physical-chemical treatment. Experiments were conducted to examine the effects of pH and amount of coagulant on the surfactant removal. The result of the wastewater characterization showed that the concentration of the organic matter were high, expressed as COD, in the range of 4920 mg L-1, while the biodegradable portion was low. These values indicate that organic compounds are not easily subjected to biological treatment. In addition, methylene blue active substance appeared high concentration as well as total solids and turbidity. The experiments for the treatment of the wastewater were performed using various chemicals such as lime, alum and ferric chloride. The use of lime gave 21 and 17%, COD and MBAS removal, while by using alum a slightly higher was achieved, 37 and 28%, respectively. The use of ferric chloride led to a 89% COD removal and a 80% surfactant removal.
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